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On April 24, 2024, the European Union published in the OJEU Directive (EU) 2024/1226 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 April 2024 on the definition of criminal offences and penalties for the violation of Union restrictive measures and amending Directive (EU) 2018/1673 . The objective of Directive (EU) 2024/1226 is to ensure the effective application of the Union’s restrictive measures, adopted on the basis of Article 29 TEU and Article 215 TFEU, by establishing a set of common minimum rules concerning the definitions of criminal offence, effective, proportionate and dissuasive criminal and non-criminal penalties, as well as obligations in all Member States for investigating, prosecuting and punishing breaches of EU restrictive measures.

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Following Russia’s recognition of the Luhansk and Donetsk People's Republics’ independence on 21 February 2022 and its further invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022, in view of the gravity of the situation and in response to Russia’s continued military aggression against Ukraine, the EU has adopted a series of new restrictive measures. Two years after Russia’s invasion and war of aggression against Ukraine, on February 23, 2024, the EU adopted its 13th package of sanctions against Russia. The following are among the main measures implemented...

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Following the twelfth meeting of the Chaudfontaine Group, the European Studies Unit is pleased to announce its new publication: “Analyzing Strategic Trade Compliance Tools”. The intensification of trade flows over the years came along with several challenges for export control compliance officers. In response to these potential difficulties, with the support of the EU Commission, the Chaudfontaine Group decided to explore a set of strategic trade control informative and analytical tools in order to create a toolbox where the full range of actors involved in strategic trade control compliance can find some instruments able to assist them in various tasks related to compliance with strategic trade controls’ obligations.

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Following Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine, the EU has adopted a series of restrictive measures and in March 2022 decided to set up a “Freeze and Seize” Task Force to reinforce rules on asset recovery and confiscation and contribute to the implementation of EU restrictive measures. In this context, on 25 May 2022, in addition to the Directive proposal on asset recovery and confiscation , the Commission presented a proposal for a Council Decision on adding the violation of EU restrictive measures to the list of EU crimes laid down in Article 83(1) TFEU, so opening the way to the harmonisation of this area of crime.

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On 6 April 2022, two days before the adoption of the fifth package of sanctions against the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Commission published on the Official Journal of the EU the “Guidance to the Member States concerning foreign direct investment from Russia and Belarus in view of the military aggression against Ukraine and the restrictive measures laid down in recent Council Regulations on sanctions”